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COLOMBIAN HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL POLICE

 

Among its history The National Police of Colombia have serve its society by maintaining and guaranteeing the intern public order of the nation and by protecting lives, honor, assets, believes, rights and freedom for all of the Colombian citizens.

The institution was created by Carlos Holguin during his presidency through the Law 90 of November 7th, 1888, which created a police group, designated to provide services as the National Police. This group would have its operations and activity center in Bogota City and would directly depend from the Ministry of Government in the proper period.

The first group was formed by 300 policemen who were being divided in three subgroups; each of them commanded by a captain, two lieutenants, a sub-lieutenant and a whole group under the command of a first and a second commander.


Thanks to the Decree 1000 of November 5th of 1891 and after the stricts diplomatic errands were completed, the National Police of Colombia was finally created and recognized as an institution, therefore eliminating the departmental police, municipal police and the group of watchman.

After a civil war attempt during the presidency of Miguel Antonio Caro on 1895, the government declared a siege in the whole Colombian territory, and the National Police was linked together with the Department of War; for that reason the institution was organized and trained militarily, where each member started to enjoy the privileges and benefits as part of the military personnel.

On November 4th, 1915 the 41 law precise that the National Police has as objective conserve the public peace in the capital or any other place where its functions must be used; they must protect people, properties and provide help that the execution of the laws and the decisions of the judicial power may claim.


The National Police had its first challenge; keeping the order and peace during the “Bogotazo” events in 1948, and the Civil War in Colombia from 1948 through 1953.

On June 13, 1953 the General Lieutenant Gustavo Rojas Pinilla who was working in those days as a President of Colombia, dictated the decree 1814 which linked itself to the National Police as a fundamental part of the Armed Forces of the country. 

By the middle of the 20th century the National Police was reorganized and received international instructors from the Chile´s carabineers who formed the ferrous discipline of the Chilean Army and an English mission integrated by the Colonel Douglas Gordon, Colonel Eric M. Roger, Lieutenant Colonel Bertrand W.H. Dyer and major Frederick H. Abbot and William Parham, which was represented by the celebrated Colombian jurists Rafael Escallón, Timoleón Moncada, Carlos Losano Losano, Jorge Enrique Gutierrez Anzola and Hugo Latorre Cabal.

During the 70s in the beginning of the illicit business of the traffic of drugs, the Police increased its operations to face this new threat, especially with the appearance of new criminal organizations.

Towards the end of the 80’s, the Colombian government created the block of search, a special group of the National Police guided by the DEA and the DAS to chase and to attack the criminal power of the Cartel of Medellin created by powerful drug-traffickers such as Pablo Escobar, Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha, the brothers Ochoa and Carlos Ledher. Finally, on December 2, 1993, the elite unit brought down the major Latin American drug-trafficker and terrorist, Pablo Escobar, in a residential zone of Medellin, being this one of the most recognized victories for the institution.

 

The National Police implemented since 1995 a plan of cultural transformation and institutional improvement which implies more than a change of norms, structures and procedures; a total intervention of thinking, feeling and acting of the men and women who integrates it, in order to create a new culture for the fulfillment of our mission.

This process is centered on a rigorous selection and hiring of people with vocation of service and on the integral formation of the policeman that could lead them to question, communicate, report, create, participate, and lead the development of the community to which it serves. 


Nowadays the institution continues to support the fight against the crime and keeps the construction of a social coexistence culture among its citizens that should contribute to the formation of values, tolerance and mutual respect by the use of the dialog and the civilized ways for the solution of conflicts. 

The National Police of Colombia supervised by the Major General Oscar Naranjo Trujillo, is recognized at this moment like one of the most valued state’s armed organisms and respected by its power of force, at the moment of attacking the crime and the violence against the state. 

Noticias y Documentacion: News: history

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