The Headquarter of the State police, by means of Transitory Directive 0205 of February 24, 1999, arranges the organization and structure of the Mobile Squadron Antidisturbances, which was composed by 9 Officials, 8 Subofficials and 200 Patrol crafts.
The riot police's first course there carried out in the school Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo of Facatativá's municipality, by means of resolution Not. 01363, of April 14, 1999, and it had as the city of Bogota yields.
Before the evident need and the efficiency of the squadron, another mobile one was created in August, 2000 with it yields in the city of Santiago of Cali. And for the year 2003 the ESMAD of Medellin were created, Barranquilla and Bucaramanga.
In 2005, the squadrons created antidisturbances cities of Pereira, San Juan of Pasto, and that of Cesar, with sedate in Valledupar, as well as that of the department of the Cauca.
Already for 2008, and on order of the Headquarter of the National Police, there were left in functioning the mobile squadrons of the Departments of Bolivar, with sedate in the city of Cartagena, of Huila, with sedate in Neiva's city and that of Meta's Department, with sedate in Villavicencio's city.
At the present day, the Mobile Squadron Antidisturbances ESMAD, it´s under the coordination of the gentleman Coronel Jorge Enrique Cartagena Pastrana and possesses thirteen mobile companies distributed in 8 police regions, integrated each one 150 professionals for a whole of 1950 men.